Although more and more coffee lovers who recognize various types of coffee, but not a few also apparently still do not know the difference arabica coffee and robusta. The important bitter, some say.
Though the taste of coffee is not that simple, but more complex and rich. Coffee taste is generally determined many things, ranging from the type or variety, the location of planting, the surrounding environment, and processing of seeds. That is why, although the same type, taste Gayo coffee with Toraja for example, has a different aroma and flavor.
Coffee itself has a variety of varieties namely Arabica, Robusta, Liberica to Excelsa. Of the variety, Arabica and Robusta are the largest varieties available in Indonesia and are used in most coffee shops or coffee shops.
The Characteristic of Arabica Coffee Beans Feel It Has Bitter Flavor with High Pain of Acidity. Its caffeine content is 50% less than Robusta coffee. Arabica coffee is a traditional type of coffee with the best taste.
This coffee grows in tropical or subtropical countries. Arabica coffee grows at an altitude of 600-2000 m above sea level
This plant can grow up to 3 meters when the condition of the environment is good. The optimum growing temperature is 18-26 degrees centigrade
The resulting coffee beans are small enough and are green to dark red
The arabica coffee has a rich taste of Robusta Coffee
Robusta coffee beans or commonly called the type of grade 2 coffee beans.
Robusta Coffee Bean Flavor Characteristics are less acidic taste or there may be no sour taste at all and contain far more caffeine.
Have a sweet aroma. It feels mild / soft.
Robusta coffee was first discovered in Congo in 1898.
Robusta coffee can be regarded as a grade 2 coffee, because the scope of Robusta coffee growing area is wider than arabica coffee that must be grown at a certain height. Robusta coffee can be grown with an altitude of 800 m above sea level.
This type of coffee is stronger against pests and diseases, This makes the price of robusta coffee is much cheaper than the arabica coffee.
The excellence of excelsa coffee is to have a strong and dominantly strong taste and aroma, having greater physical characteristics of coffee beans than arabica coffee or robusta coffee, tending to bear fruit throughout the year, very easy to cultivate, and relatively resistant to pests.
Another advantage is that it can be planted in peatlands that have low fertility that can not be planted either arabica or robusta coffee.
Type of Dewevrei Coffea / Coffee Ekselsa (Excelsa) less known, because it is very rare that cultivate this type of coffee.
Can be grown in low and humid lands, on peatlands
In Indonesia planted in Jambi – Sumatra plantation.
Liberika Coffee is a type of coffee originating from the State of Liberia in western Africa. This coffee can grow to a height of 9 meters.
19th century species of coffee is brought to the State of Indonesia to replace arabica coffee is susceptible to pest disease.
In the past, a type of liberica coffee was cultivated in Indonesia, but now it has been abandoned by coffee farmers. For this reason, the weight of dry coffee beans is only 10% of wet coffee weight.
Characteristics of coffee beans type of liberica almost the same as the type of arabica coffee.
Excess coffee type of liberica more resistant to Hemelia vastatrixi pest attack compared with arabica coffee type.
Some varieties of the type of coffee Liberika ever brought to Indonesia, among others, Type Ardoniana and Type durvei.
Characteristics of coffee liberika is The size of leaves, branches, coffee flowers, coffee fruit and coffee trees larger than Arabica coffee and robusta coffee.
Liberik type of coffee including forest plants are widely found in the interior of Borneo and has for centuries become a traditional drink Dayak tribe is a native Kalimantan.
Kona coffee beans are the most expensive coffee beans between Robusta and Arabica, and are only grown and produced in the American amberlands, overshadowed by two volcanic mountains, the Kona region has a unique microclimate, which is a sunny morning and cloudy evening
Kona coffee is a coffee with very high caffeine value
The Kona coffee farmers picked fruit with their hands. Since only ripe coffee is picked from the Kona tree, each tree can get 5 visits per harvest season
Kona Coffee Flavor Tends to Sweet though without sugar mixed